An aneurysm is a potentially life-threatening condition characterized by a weakening and bulging of a blood vessel wall, often in the brain or aorta. If left untreated, an aneurysm can rupture, leading to severe bleeding and, in many cases, fatal consequences. Advanced aneurysm treatment encompasses a range of innovative techniques and approaches aimed at detecting and managing aneurysms before they rupture, thereby preventing catastrophic events.
Conditions Treated By The Department
- Cerebral (Brain) Aneurysms: These are aneurysms that occur in the blood vessels of the brain. If they rupture, they can cause hemorrhagic strokes, leading to severe brain damage or death. Treatment often involves endovascular coiling, surgical clipping, or flow diversion devices.
- Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms (AAA): These aneurysms occur in the abdominal part of the aorta, the largest artery in the body. Treatment options include endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) and open surgical repair.
- Thoracic Aortic Aneurysms: Located in the chest area, these aneurysms can be particularly dangerous due to the risk of rupture and internal bleeding. Treatments include thoracic endovascular aneurysm repair (TEVAR) and open chest surgery.
- Peripheral Aneurysms: These can occur in other arteries throughout the body, such as the popliteal artery in the knee or the femoral artery in the groin. Depending on the location and size, treatment may involve surgery or endovascular techniques.
- Fusiform and Saccular Aneurysms: These refer to the shapes of aneurysms, with fusiform aneurysms bulging out on all sides of the vessel and saccular aneurysms bulging on one side. Both types can occur in various parts of the body and require specific treatment strategies.
- Dissecting Aneurysms: This is a condition where a tear in the artery wall allows blood to flow between the layers of the wall, forming an aneurysm. It often requires urgent surgical intervention.
- Endovascular Coiling (Embolization): This minimally invasive procedure involves threading a catheter through the vascular system to the aneurysm site. Coils are then deployed to fill the aneurysm, causing blood clotting and preventing rupture.
- Flow Diversion: This is a more recent technique where a device is placed in the parent blood vessel to divert blood flow away from the aneurysm, promoting thrombosis within the aneurysm sac and strengthening the vessel wall.
- Surgical Clipping: This traditional open surgical technique involves placing a tiny clamp at the base of the aneurysm to isolate it from normal blood flow, thus preventing rupture.
- Endovascular Stent Grafting: Primarily used for aortic aneurysms, this involves inserting a fabric-covered stent to reinforce the weakened section of the artery.
- Balloon Occlusion: Sometimes used in conjunction with other treatments, this procedure involves temporarily or permanently blocking blood flow to the aneurysm using a small balloon.
- Pipeline Embolization Device (PED): A specific type of flow diversion that uses a device to cover the neck of the aneurysm, redirecting blood flow and promoting healing of the vessel.
- Intravascular Ultrasound (IVUS): Advanced imaging technique used during procedures to provide detailed images of the inside of blood vessels.
- Fenestrated and Branched Endografts: Used in complex aortic aneurysms, these grafts are custom-made with holes or branches to maintain blood flow to essential arteries while reinforcing the weakened aorta.
- Hybrid Procedures: Combining open and endovascular techniques for complex or large aneurysms, especially in the thoracoabdominal aorta.
- Microsurgical Techniques: In cases where endovascular approaches are not feasible, particularly in certain brain aneurysms, microsurgical techniques using advanced microscopic technology can be employed.
Advantages Of The Department
- Expertise in Complex Cases: Such departments have specialists who are highly skilled in treating complex aneurysms that might be inoperable or high-risk in general settings. Their expertise ensures the highest level of care for challenging cases.
- Access to Cutting-Edge Treatments: Advanced Aneurysm Departments are often at the forefront of new treatment technologies and methodologies, including minimally invasive endovascular procedures, flow diversion devices, and custom-designed stent grafts.
- Minimally Invasive Options: The focus on minimally invasive techniques means lower risk of complications, shorter hospital stays, quicker recoveries, and often better outcomes for patients.
- Improved Diagnostic Capabilities: Advanced imaging techniques, such as high-resolution CT angiography and MRI, allow for precise diagnosis and treatment planning, crucial for the successful management of aneurysms.
- Enhanced Patient Safety: The use of sophisticated monitoring and treatment techniques reduces the risk of complications such as rupture, bleeding, or damage to surrounding tissues and organs.
- Comprehensive Follow-Up Care: Post-treatment care is crucial in managing any long-term effects and in the early detection of any new or recurring aneurysms.
Call 011-42 888 888 to book an appointment with a specialist at Sri Balaji Action Medical Institute.