Gastrointestinal (GI) and Hepatopancreatobiliary (HPB) surgeries represent specialized branches of surgical medicine dedicated to the diagnosis and treatment of disorders affecting the digestive system, liver, pancreas, and related organs. These surgical interventions play a critical role in managing a wide range of conditions, from gastrointestinal cancers to liver and pancreatic diseases.
The Gastrointestinal (GI) and Hepatopancreatobiliary (HPB) surgical team treats a broad spectrum of conditions related to the digestive system, liver, pancreas, and associated organs. Their expertise and specialized training equip them to manage complex surgical cases. Here are some of the conditions that are typically treated by GI and HPB surgical teams:
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GI Surgery, or Gastrointestinal Surgery, is a specialized branch of surgery that deals with the surgical treatment of diseases and disorders of the gastrointestinal tract. This includes the esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine (colon), rectum, liver, pancreas, and gallbladder.
GI Surgery is used to treat a wide range of conditions, including gastrointestinal cancers (such as colon cancer and pancreatic cancer), inflammatory bowel disease (such as Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis), diverticulitis, hernias, gallbladder diseases, and benign tumors of the gastrointestinal tract.
There are various types of GI surgeries, including procedures like colectomy (removal of all or part of the colon), gastrectomy (removal of part or all of the stomach), pancreaticoduodenectomy (Whipple procedure for pancreatic cancer), liver resection, and bariatric surgery for weight loss.
Yes, many GI surgeries can be performed using minimally invasive techniques, such as laparoscopy or robotic-assisted surgery. These approaches involve making small incisions and using specialized instruments to perform the surgery, resulting in less pain, shorter hospital stays, and faster recovery times compared to traditional open surgery.
Before GI surgery, you will undergo a thorough evaluation, which may include medical tests, imaging studies, and discussions with your surgical team. You may need to follow specific preoperative instructions, such as fasting or discontinuing certain medications. After surgery, you'll be closely monitored for any complications and will receive postoperative care instructions, including recommendations for diet, activity, and follow-up appointments.