Institute of G.I. Surgery

Gastrointestinal and Hepatopancreatobiliary (HPB) Surgeries

Gastrointestinal (GI) and Hepatopancreatobiliary (HPB) surgeries represent specialized branches of surgical medicine dedicated to the diagnosis and treatment of disorders affecting the digestive system, liver, pancreas, and related organs. These surgical interventions play a critical role in managing a wide range of conditions, from gastrointestinal cancers to liver and pancreatic diseases. 

Conditions Treated by the Department

The Gastrointestinal (GI) and Hepatopancreatobiliary (HPB) surgical team treats a broad spectrum of conditions related to the digestive system, liver, pancreas, and associated organs. Their expertise and specialized training equip them to manage complex surgical cases. Here are some of the conditions that are typically treated by GI and HPB surgical teams:

  • Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD): Surgical options may be considered for severe cases of GERD that do not respond to medication or lifestyle changes.
  • Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD): In cases where medical management is ineffective, surgery may be considered for conditions like Crohn's disease or ulcerative colitis. This can involve the removal of affected portions of the intestine.
  • Diverticulitis: Severe cases of diverticulitis may require surgery to remove the affected portion of the colon.
  • Hernias: Various types of hernias, including inguinal, umbilical, and hiatal hernias, may require surgical repair.
  • Biliary Tract Disorders: Conditions affecting the bile ducts, such as strictures, stones, or tumors, may necessitate surgical intervention.
  • Gallbladder Disease: Conditions like gallstones or cholecystitis may require surgical removal of the gallbladder.
  • Acute Pancreatitis: In severe cases, surgery may be necessary to drain fluid collections or remove necrotic tissue.
  • Chronic Pancreatitis: Surgery can be considered in cases where medical management fails to provide relief from chronic pain or complications.
  • Liver Abscess: Surgical drainage may be required in cases where abscesses form in the liver.
  • Liver Cysts and Tumors: Surgical removal or drainage may be considered for certain benign or malignant liver lesions.
  • Benign Liver Lesions: Surgical resection may be recommended for large, symptomatic benign tumors or cysts.
  • Small Bowel Obstruction: In cases where conservative management fails, surgery may be necessary to remove the obstruction.
  • Esophageal Disorders: Conditions like achalasia or strictures may require surgical intervention for symptom relief.
  • Functional Gastrointestinal Disorders: In some cases, surgery may be considered for conditions like severe gastroparesis or chronic constipation.

Key Procedures in GI & HPB Surgeries

  • Esophagectomy: This surgery involves the removal of a portion of the esophagus and the reconstruction of the digestive tract. It is typically performed to treat esophageal cancer.
  • Gastrectomy: A partial or total removal of the stomach may be necessary to treat conditions like stomach cancer or severe ulcers.
  • Colectomy: This procedure involves the removal of all or part of the colon and is often performed to treat conditions like colorectal cancer, inflammatory bowel disease, or diverticulitis.
  • Liver Resection: This procedure involves the removal of a portion of the liver. It may be performed to treat liver tumors, cysts, or certain types of liver disease.
  • Pancreatectomy: Partial or complete removal of the pancreas may be necessary to treat conditions like pancreatic cancer, pancreatitis, or cysts.
  • Whipple Procedure (Pancreaticoduodenectomy): This complex surgery involves the removal of the head of the pancreas, part of the small intestine, the gallbladder, and sometimes a portion of the stomach. It is typically performed for certain types of pancreatic cancer.
  • Biliary Surgery: Procedures involving the bile ducts, such as biliary reconstruction or removal of bile duct tumors, fall under HPB surgery.
  • Liver Transplant: A liver transplant involves replacing a diseased liver with a healthy liver from a living or deceased donor. It is a lifesaving procedure for individuals with end-stage liver disease.
  • Laparoscopic and Minimally Invasive Surgeries: These techniques use small incisions and specialized instruments to perform complex procedures with less trauma to surrounding tissues. They result in faster recovery times and reduced postoperative pain.

Advantages Of The Department

  • Improved Survival Rates: GI and HPB surgeries are often instrumental in the treatment of cancers and other serious conditions. These procedures can significantly extend survival rates, providing patients with hope and a chance at a better quality of life.
  • Symptom Relief: Many GI and HPB surgeries are performed to alleviate debilitating symptoms such as pain, digestive issues, and jaundice. These procedures can greatly improve a patient's overall well-being.
  • Enhanced Quality of Life: By addressing the underlying cause of the disease, GI and HPB surgeries can improve a patient's ability to eat, digest food, and perform daily activities, resulting in a better quality of life.
  • Minimally Invasive Techniques: The adoption of minimally invasive and laparoscopic techniques has revolutionized these surgeries. Patients experience shorter hospital stays, reduced postoperative pain, and faster recovery times.
  • Prevention and Early Intervention: GI and HPB surgeries are often instrumental in preventing the spread of cancer or managing conditions at an early stage, leading to more successful outcomes.
  • Personalized Treatment Plans: Surgeons specializing in GI and HPB surgeries work closely with a multidisciplinary team to develop tailored treatment plans for each patient, taking into consideration their specific diagnosis, overall health, and individual needs.

Call 011-42888888 to book an appointment with a specialist at Sri Balaji Action Medical Institute.

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Meet Our Doctors

Dr. Nikhil Gupta

Director

Bariatric Clinic, Laparoscopic & Minimal Access Clinic, G.I. & HPB Surgeries, Institute of General, Laparoscopic & Minimal Access Surgery, Institute of G.I. Surgery, Institute of Gastrosciences

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Dr. Nikhil Gupta

Director

Dr. Uma Perumal

Associate Consultant

Bariatric Clinic, Laparoscopic & Minimal Access Clinic, G.I. & HPB Surgeries, Institute of General, Laparoscopic & Minimal Access Surgery, Institute of G.I. Surgery, Institute of Gastrosciences

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Dr. Uma Perumal

Associate Consultant

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FAQ

GI Surgery, or Gastrointestinal Surgery, is a specialized branch of surgery that deals with the surgical treatment of diseases and disorders of the gastrointestinal tract. This includes the esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine (colon), rectum, liver, pancreas, and gallbladder.

GI Surgery is used to treat a wide range of conditions, including gastrointestinal cancers (such as colon cancer and pancreatic cancer), inflammatory bowel disease (such as Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis), diverticulitis, hernias, gallbladder diseases, and benign tumors of the gastrointestinal tract.

There are various types of GI surgeries, including procedures like colectomy (removal of all or part of the colon), gastrectomy (removal of part or all of the stomach), pancreaticoduodenectomy (Whipple procedure for pancreatic cancer), liver resection, and bariatric surgery for weight loss.

Yes, many GI surgeries can be performed using minimally invasive techniques, such as laparoscopy or robotic-assisted surgery. These approaches involve making small incisions and using specialized instruments to perform the surgery, resulting in less pain, shorter hospital stays, and faster recovery times compared to traditional open surgery.

Before GI surgery, you will undergo a thorough evaluation, which may include medical tests, imaging studies, and discussions with your surgical team. You may need to follow specific preoperative instructions, such as fasting or discontinuing certain medications. After surgery, you'll be closely monitored for any complications and will receive postoperative care instructions, including recommendations for diet, activity, and follow-up appointments.

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