Infectious Disease Intensive Care Units (IDICUs) are specialized medical facilities dedicated to the comprehensive care of patients facing severe and life-threatening infectious diseases. These units play a critical role in the management of complex infections, ensuring patients receive the specialized care needed to combat the infection and support their overall well-being. Staffed by a highly skilled team of healthcare professionals, IDICUs are equipped with advanced technology and resources to monitor and treat a wide range of infectious conditions.
Conditions Treated By The Department
- Septic Shock: Severe infections can lead to sepsis, a life-threatening condition requiring immediate and aggressive intervention.
- Resistant or Multi-Drug Resistant Infections: Patients with infections resistant to standard treatments may require specialized care and alternative therapies.
- Severe Viral Infections: Conditions like severe influenza, Ebola, or COVID-19 can lead to critical illness and require intensive care.
- Fungal Infections: Severe fungal infections, such as invasive candidiasis or aspergillosis, may require specialized treatment in an IDICU setting.
- Post-Operative Infections: Patients who develop severe infections following surgery may require intensive care to manage the infection and prevent complications.
- Isolation and Barrier Nursing Techniques: Essential for preventing the spread of infectious diseases, especially for conditions like tuberculosis, multi-drug resistant organisms, or viral hemorrhagic fevers.
- Intravenous Antibiotic Therapy: Administering potent antibiotics or antiviral medications through IV to treat severe infections.
- Mechanical Ventilation: Providing respiratory support for patients with severe respiratory infections, such as pneumonia, acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), or severe cases of influenza.
- Central Venous Catheterization: For administering medications, fluids, and for hemodynamic monitoring, especially in patients with sepsis or septic shock.
- Hemodynamic Monitoring and Support: Monitoring and managing blood pressure and heart function in patients with septic shock or other serious infections affecting the cardiovascular system.
- Continuous Renal Replacement Therapy (CRRT): For patients with acute kidney injury resulting from severe infections or sepsis.
- Lumbar Puncture: To diagnose or manage infections of the central nervous system, such as meningitis or encephalitis.
- Blood and Body Fluid Cultures: To identify the causative pathogens and tailor antimicrobial therapy accordingly.
- Intravenous Immunoglobulin (IVIG) Therapy: Used in some cases for modulating the immune response or treating specific infections.
- Source Control Procedures: Such as drainage of abscesses, debridement of infected tissues, or removal of infected indwelling medical devices.
- Fluid Resuscitation and Electrolyte Management: Essential in the management of sepsis and other severe infections to maintain fluid balance and correct electrolyte abnormalities.
- Bronchoscopy: In cases of severe respiratory infections, to obtain lower respiratory tract samples and provide therapeutic interventions.
- Isolation of Specific Pathogens: Implementing specific protocols for highly infectious pathogens like MRSA, VRE, or C. difficile.
Key Advantages of The Department
- Improved Infection Control: Specialized care in IDICUs leads to improved control of infections, preventing their spread and reducing the risk of complications.
- Reduced Mortality Rates: Close monitoring and targeted interventions in IDICUs help prevent or quickly address potential complications, improving overall patient outcomes.
- Enhanced Quality of Life: Successful management of infectious diseases in IDICUs leads to improved quality of life for patients, allowing them to regain independence and resume normal activities.
Call 011-42888888 to book an appointment with a specialist at Sri Balaji Action Medical Institute.