Medical Intensive Care Units (MICUs) are specialized facilities within hospitals that provide comprehensive and highly specialized care to patients facing severe medical conditions. These units are staffed by a team of highly skilled healthcare professionals who are equipped to manage a wide range of critical illnesses. The primary goal of an MICU is to provide intensive monitoring, specialized treatments, and tailored interventions to stabilize patients and support their recovery.
Conditions Treated By The Department
- Respiratory Failure: Patients with conditions like acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), pneumonia, or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) may require advanced respiratory support.
- Sepsis and Septic Shock: Patients with severe infections that lead to systemic inflammation and organ dysfunction require immediate and targeted interventions.
- Cardiogenic Shock: This condition arises from severe heart failure, necessitating close monitoring and advanced interventions to support cardiac function.
- Multi-Organ Failure: Patients experiencing failure of multiple organ systems, such as the heart, lungs, kidneys, or liver, require coordinated and intensive care.
- Neurological Emergencies: Conditions like severe strokes, status epilepticus, and intracranial haemorrhages require specialized care to minimize brain damage.
- Mechanical Ventilation: Providing respiratory support for patients who are unable to breathe adequately on their own, often due to respiratory failure, severe infections, or neurological conditions.
- Central Venous Catheterization: Inserting a catheter into a large vein, typically in the neck, chest, or groin, for administering medications, fluids, total parenteral nutrition, or for hemodynamic monitoring.
- Arterial Catheterization: Placing a catheter in an artery, commonly the radial artery, for continuous blood pressure monitoring and obtaining arterial blood samples.
- Endotracheal Intubation: Inserting a tube through the mouth or nose into the trachea to establish an airway for mechanical ventilation.
- Tracheostomy: Creating an opening through the neck into the trachea for prolonged ventilation support.
- Bronchoscopy: A procedure to look directly at the airways in the lungs using a thin, flexible tube passed through the mouth or nose.
- Continuous Renal Replacement Therapy (CRRT): Providing support for patients with acute kidney injury or chronic kidney disease who require dialysis.
- Invasive Hemodynamic Monitoring: Using devices like pulmonary artery catheters for detailed cardiac function and fluid status assessment in critically ill patients.
- Lumbar Puncture: To collect cerebrospinal fluid for diagnosis or to relieve increased intracranial pressure in certain conditions.
- Paracentesis: Removing fluid from the abdomen, often used in cases of cirrhosis with ascites.
- Thoracentesis: Draining fluid or air from the pleural space around the lungs.
- Blood Transfusions and Fluid Resuscitation: Managing blood loss, anaemia, or fluid imbalances.
- Pericardiocentesis: Draining fluid from the sac around the heart, often performed in cases of pericardial effusion with cardiac tamponade.
- Reduced Mortality Rates: Specialized care in MICUs has been associated with improved survival rates for patients facing critical medical conditions.
- Prevention of Complications: Close monitoring and targeted interventions in MICUs help prevent or quickly address potential complications, improving overall patient outcomes.
- Optimized Recovery: Early and specialized care in MICUs sets the foundation for successful recovery, rehabilitation, and return to baseline health for patients.
Call 011-42888888 to book an appointment with a specialist at Sri Balaji Action Medical Institute.