Hemodialysis is a life-sustaining medical procedure that replicates the essential functions of healthy kidneys in individuals suffering from advanced kidney failure or end-stage renal disease (ESRD). It serves as a vital lifeline, effectively removing waste products and excess fluids from the bloodstream when the kidneys are no longer able to perform this crucial role. This innovative therapy has revolutionized the field of nephrology, providing a bridge to transplantation or, in some cases, a long-term solution for patients with kidney disease.
Types of Hemodialysis
- Conventional Hemodialysis: Typically performed in a dialysis centre, conventional hemodialysis sessions occur three times per week and last around four hours each.
- Nocturnal Hemodialysis: This extended-duration form of hemodialysis is conducted overnight while the patient sleeps. It offers more frequent and gentle treatment.
- Short Daily Hemodialysis: Patients receive dialysis sessions five to seven times per week, with each session lasting approximately two to three hours. This approach provides more continuous treatment.
Common Conditions Treated by Hemodialysis Procedure
- End-Stage Renal Disease (ESRD): This is the primary condition treated by hemodialysis. ESRD is the final stage of CKD, where the kidneys have lost most of their functioning ability.
- Acute Kidney Injury (AKI): Hemodialysis may be used in cases of sudden, severe loss of kidney function. This could be due to factors like trauma, severe infection, or drug toxicity.
- Toxin Removal: In cases of certain drug overdoses or poisoning, hemodialysis can be used to rapidly remove toxins from the bloodstream.
- Severe Electrolyte Imbalances: When kidney disease leads to life-threatening electrolyte imbalances, such as hyperkalemia (high potassium levels), hemodialysis can help restore balance.
- Fluid Overload: In patients who are unable to excrete enough fluid due to kidney failure, resulting in conditions like pulmonary edema or severe peripheral edema, hemodialysis can remove excess fluid.
- Metabolic Acidosis: When the kidneys can't maintain a balanced pH level in the blood, hemodialysis can help correct the acid-base balance.
- Uremia: This condition, characterized by high levels of waste products in the blood, can occur in advanced kidney disease and is effectively treated with hemodialysis.
Advantages of Hemodialysis
- Regulated Blood Chemistry: Hemodialysis helps maintain optimal levels of electrolytes and waste products in the blood, reducing the risk of complications associated with kidney failure.
- Improved Quality of Life: Patients undergoing hemodialysis can experience enhanced energy levels, reduced symptoms of kidney failure, and improved overall well-being.
- Customizable Treatment Plans: Hemodialysis can be tailored to meet the individual needs of each patient, taking into consideration their unique medical conditions and lifestyle.
- Accessibility: Hemodialysis is widely available and can be performed in specialized dialysis centres, allowing patients to receive treatment in a controlled and monitored environment.
In conclusion, hemodialysis is a transformative medical procedure that plays a pivotal role in extending and improving the lives of individuals with advanced kidney disease. By emulating the essential functions of healthy kidneys, hemodialysis enables patients to enjoy a relatively normal quality of life while awaiting transplantation or as a long-term treatment option.
Call 011-42888888 to book an appointment with a specialist at Sri Balaji Action Medical Institute.