Geriatric Clinic

Geriatric clinics are specialized healthcare facilities designed to address the unique healthcare needs of older adults. As individuals age, they often face a range of health challenges that require specialized care and attention. Geriatric clinics are staffed by a multidisciplinary team of healthcare professionals who have expertise in the care of older adults. These clinics offer a wide range of services aimed at promoting healthy ageing, preventing and managing chronic conditions, and optimizing the overall well-being of seniors. 

Conditions Treated By The Department

Geriatric clinics specialize in the comprehensive care of older adults, addressing a range of conditions that are common in the elderly population. These clinics focus on promoting health, preventing and treating diseases, and managing chronic conditions that affect older adults. Common conditions treated in geriatric clinics include:

  • Alzheimer's Disease and Other Dementias: Management of cognitive decline and behavioral symptoms, along with support for caregivers.
  • Osteoporosis: Prevention and treatment of bone loss and fractures.
  • Arthritis: Management of joint pain and mobility issues, including osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis.
  • Heart Disease: Treatment and management of conditions such as hypertension, coronary artery disease, heart failure, and arrhythmias.
  • Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD): Management of chronic respiratory conditions to improve breathing and quality of life.
  • Diabetes: Blood sugar monitoring and management of complications associated with type 2 diabetes.
  • Parkinson's Disease: Managing motor and non-motor symptoms of Parkinson's and other movement disorders.
  • Incontinence: Both urinary and fecal incontinence are common issues that are assessed and managed in geriatric clinics.
  • Depression and Anxiety: Mental health support and treatment for emotional well-being.
  • Falls and Mobility Issues: Prevention and treatment of falls, gait disturbances, and balance problems.
  • Chronic Pain: Multifaceted approaches to manage pain and improve function.
  • Polypharmacy: Reviewing and managing multiple medications to minimize side effects and interactions.
  • Insomnia and Sleep Disorders: Addressing sleep issues to improve rest and overall health.
  • Nutritional Deficiencies: Managing dietary concerns, ensuring adequate nutrition, and addressing problems like malnutrition or vitamin deficiencies.
  • Age-Related Macular Degeneration and Glaucoma: Monitoring and treating eye conditions to preserve vision.
  • Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia: Managing symptoms of prostate enlargement that can affect urinary functions.
  • Age-Related Hearing Loss: Assessment and management of hearing impairment.
  • Frailty and Sarcopenia: Addressing the loss of muscle mass and strength that can lead to frailty.

Key Components of Geriatric Clinics

  • Comprehensive Geriatric Assessment (CGA): A multidimensional diagnostic process to evaluate an older adult's medical, psychological, and functional capabilities and to develop a coordinated and integrated plan for treatment and follow-up.
  • Medication Review and Management: Assessing all medications (prescription, over-the-counter, and herbal supplements) for interactions, side effects, and appropriateness, particularly important given the increased sensitivity to medications and the higher risk of interactions in older adults.
  • Memory and Cognitive Assessments: Screening for cognitive impairments, including dementia and Alzheimer's disease, using tools like the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE).
  • Functional Ability Evaluation: Assessing a patient’s ability to perform activities of daily living (ADLs) and instrumental activities of daily living (IADLs).
  • Fall Risk Assessment and Prevention: Evaluating risk factors for falls and implementing strategies to prevent them, including balance and gait analysis.
  • Bone Density Testing: Screening for osteoporosis and assessing fracture risk.
  • Nutritional Assessment: Evaluating dietary habits and nutritional status to identify issues like malnutrition or vitamin deficiencies.
  • Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation: Developing customized exercise and rehabilitation programs to improve mobility, strength, balance, and overall function.
  • Vaccinations and Immunizations: Administering recommended vaccines for older adults, such as influenza, pneumococcal, shingles, and COVID-19 vaccines.
  • Screening for Common Geriatric Syndromes: Including urinary incontinence, sleep disorders, depression, and hearing and vision loss.
  • Management of Chronic Diseases: Such as hypertension, diabetes, heart disease, and COPD, with a focus on optimizing quality of life.

Key Advantages

  • Improved Health Outcomes: Geriatric clinics focus on early intervention and management of health issues, leading to improved health outcomes and a higher quality of life for older adults.
  • Enhanced Independence: Through tailored interventions and support, geriatric clinics empower seniors to maintain their independence and continue engaging in meaningful activities.
  • Reduced Hospitalizations: Proactive management of chronic conditions and early intervention in health issues can lead to a reduction in hospital admissions.

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