Periodontics is a specialized branch of dentistry focused on the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of diseases affecting the supporting structures of the teeth, including the gums, periodontal ligament, and alveolar bone. These structures play a crucial role in maintaining the stability and health of teeth. Periodontists are dental specialists with advanced training in managing conditions related to gum health and the supporting tissues. 

Conditions Treated By The Department

  • Gingivitis: This is the earliest stage of gum disease and is characterized by red, swollen, and bleeding gums. If left untreated, it can progress to more severe forms of periodontal disease.
  • Periodontitis: This is an advanced form of gum disease where there is significant gum and bone loss around the teeth. It can lead to tooth mobility and eventual tooth loss if not treated.
  • Gum Recession: This occurs when the gum tissue pulls away from the tooth, exposing the root. It can be caused by periodontal disease, aggressive brushing, or other factors.
  • Peri-implantitis: This is an inflammatory condition affecting dental implants, often caused by bacterial infection in the tissues surrounding the implant.
  • Abscesses and Infections: Periodontists treat localized infections, abscesses, and other oral lesions that can affect the gum tissues.

Treatment Options in Periodontics

  • Scaling and Root Planing (Deep Cleaning): This is a non-surgical procedure to remove plaque and tartar from below the gum line, and smoothing the roots of the teeth to help gums reattach to the tooth.
  • Periodontal Surgery: If gum disease has advanced, surgery might be necessary to remove the affected gum tissue and re-contour the bone.
  • Gum Grafting: Used to treat gum recession, this involves taking tissue from another part of the mouth and attaching it to the area where the gum has receded.
  • Dental Implants: Implants are artificial tooth roots placed into the jawbone to replace missing teeth. Periodontists specialize in the placement and care of these implants.
  • Bone Grafting: Often performed to restore the jawbone to its previous form following tooth loss, gum disease, or trauma. This is also commonly done to enable the successful placement of dental implants.
  • Crown Lengthening: A surgical procedure to expose more of the tooth by reshaping or removing some of the bone and gum tissue.
  • Guided Tissue Regeneration: This procedure encourages the body’s natural ability to regenerate bone and tissue lost to periodontal disease.
  • Pocket Reduction Surgery: Also known as flap surgery, this involves lifting back the gums and removing the tartar. The gums are then sutured back in place so that the tissue fits snugly around the tooth.
  • Laser Treatment: Some periodontists use lasers to remove diseased gum tissue and promote the regeneration of healthy tissue.
  • Periodontal Maintenance: Regular cleanings and check-ups to manage periodontal disease and prevent its progression.
  • Occlusal Adjustment: Adjusting the bite to prevent excessive force on teeth that are at risk of periodontal disease.

Key Advantages

  • Preservation of Natural Teeth: Effective periodontal care can halt the progression of gum disease, preserving natural teeth and preventing tooth loss.
  • Improved Oral Health: Healthy gums provide a solid foundation for teeth, contributing to overall oral health and function.
  • Enhanced Aesthetics: Periodontal procedures can improve the appearance of the smile, particularly in cases of gum recession or uneven gum lines.
  • Reduced Risk of Systemic Health Issues: Periodontal health is linked to overall health, and proper gum care can reduce the risk of systemic conditions like heart disease and diabetes.
  • Boosted Confidence and Well-being: A healthy smile and well-maintained gums can significantly enhance a person's confidence, self-esteem, and overall well-being.

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Dr. Puneet Ahuja


Orthodontics, Periodontics, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Maxillofacial Surgery, Dentistry

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