Knee replacement surgery, also known as knee arthroplasty, is a transformative orthopaedic procedure designed to alleviate chronic knee pain and restore mobility in individuals suffering from severe knee joint damage or arthritis. This surgical intervention has revolutionized the field of orthopaedics, offering a new lease on life for those whose daily activities have been hindered by debilitating knee conditions.
Types of Knee Replacement Surgery:
- Total Knee Replacement (TKR): In a TKR, both the femur (thigh bone) and tibia (shin bone) are replaced with artificial components, while the patella (kneecap) may also be resurfaced.
- Partial Knee Replacement (PKR): In a PKR, only one compartment of the knee is replaced. This approach is suitable for individuals with localized arthritis.
- Minimally Invasive Knee Replacement: This technique involves smaller incisions, resulting in less tissue disruption, reduced pain, and faster recovery compared to traditional knee replacement.
Who are the best Candidates for Knee Replacement Surgery?
- Osteoarthritis: The most common reason for knee replacement, osteoarthritis is a degenerative joint condition characterized by the breakdown of cartilage in the knee, resulting in pain, stiffness, and reduced mobility.
- Rheumatoid Arthritis: This autoimmune disease can cause inflammation in the knee joint, leading to pain, swelling, and joint deformities. Knee replacement may be recommended in severe cases.
- Post-Traumatic Arthritis: Severe knee injuries or fractures can lead to post-traumatic arthritis, which may necessitate knee replacement surgery.
- Other Forms of Arthritis: Conditions like psoriatic arthritis and septic arthritis, among others, can lead to joint deterioration and may warrant knee arthroplasty.
- Degenerative Joint Disease: This umbrella term encompasses various conditions that lead to the progressive deterioration of the knee joint, often necessitating surgical intervention.
The Knee Replacement Procedure:
- Preoperative Evaluation: Before the surgery, the patient undergoes a thorough evaluation, including physical examinations, imaging tests, and discussions about medical history and expectations.
- Anesthesia: The patient receives either general anesthesia, which induces unconsciousness, or spinal/epidural anesthesia, which numbs the lower body while the patient remains conscious.
- Incision: The surgeon makes an incision to access the knee joint. In minimally invasive approaches, smaller incisions are used.
- Reshaping of Bones: The damaged surfaces of the femur and tibia are carefully removed, preparing them for the artificial components.
- Implantation of Prosthesis: The artificial components, typically made of metal and plastic, are securely attached to the prepared bones. The patella may also be resurfaced.
- Closure: The incision is carefully closed, often using sutures or staples.
- Recovery and Rehabilitation: Post-surgery, patients are monitored in a recovery area before being transferred to a hospital room. Physical therapy and rehabilitation play a crucial role in recovery.
Benefits of Knee Replacement Surgery:
- Pain Relief: One of the most significant benefits is the relief of chronic knee pain, which allows individuals to resume activities they were previously unable to enjoy.
- Improved Mobility: Knee replacement surgery often leads to a significantly improved range of motion and mobility, enabling a return to daily activities.
- Enhanced Quality of Life: With reduced pain and increased mobility, patients can experience an improved overall quality of life.
- Long-Lasting Results: Modern knee replacements are designed to be durable and can last for many years, providing long-term benefits.
- Return to Active Lifestyle: Many individuals find that after knee replacement, they can engage in activities like walking, cycling, and even low-impact sports.
While knee replacement surgery has numerous benefits, it's important to note that it may not be suitable for everyone. The decision to undergo knee replacement is made after careful consideration by the orthopaedic surgeon, taking into account the patient's unique circumstances, overall health, and the severity of the knee condition.
Knee replacement surgery has transformed the lives of countless individuals suffering from debilitating knee conditions. By restoring mobility and alleviating chronic pain, this procedure offers a new beginning for those seeking to regain their active lifestyles and improve their overall quality of life. As with any surgical intervention, it's crucial to consult with a qualified orthopaedic surgeon to determine the suitability of knee replacement based on individual health and specific knee-related concerns.
Call 011-42888888 to book an appointment with a specialist at Sri Balaji Action Medical Institute.