Neuro-endoscopy surgery is a cutting-edge technique that has revolutionized the field of neurosurgery. It involves the use of a slender, flexible tube equipped with a camera and light source, known as an endoscope, to access and treat various neurological conditions. This minimally invasive approach provides surgeons with a direct view of the brain, allowing for precise interventions with reduced tissue disruption and faster recovery times.
Conditions Treated By The Neuro-endoscopy Surgery Department
- Hydrocephalus: This condition involves an accumulation of cerebrospinal fluid within the brain, leading to increased pressure. Neuro-endoscopy allows surgeons to create a new pathway for fluid drainage, relieving the pressure and alleviating symptoms.
- Brain Tumors: Neuro-endoscopy is used to access and remove tumors located deep within the brain. The endoscope provides a clear view of the tumor, enabling precise resection while minimizing damage to surrounding healthy tissue.
- Pituitary Disorders: The pituitary gland, located at the base of the brain, regulates hormone production. Neuro-endoscopy allows surgeons to access and treat pituitary tumors or other abnormalities affecting hormone function.
- Arachnoid Cysts: These fluid-filled sacs can form within the layers of the brain's protective membranes. Neuro-endoscopy is employed to fenestrate or remove these cysts, restoring normal cerebrospinal fluid circulation.
- Endoscopic Third Ventriculostomy (ETV): This procedure is commonly used to treat hydrocephalus. It involves creating a hole in the floor of the third ventricle to allow cerebrospinal fluid to bypass an obstruction and flow more freely, reducing intracranial pressure.
- Endoscopic Removal of Brain Tumors: Particularly effective for tumors in the ventricular system or pituitary gland, neuro-endoscopy allows for the removal of these tumors through small incisions and natural openings in the brain, like the nostrils.
- Endoscopic Transsphenoidal Surgery: Primarily used for pituitary tumors, this approach involves accessing the pituitary gland through the sphenoid sinus, a cavity behind the nasal passages, thereby avoiding the need for a craniotomy.
- Endoscopic Ventricular Tumor Resection: Tumors within the ventricles can be accessed and removed using endoscopic techniques, minimizing disruption to brain tissue.
- Skull Base Surgery: Endoscopic methods are used to access and treat conditions at the base of the skull, such as chordomas, chondrosarcomas, and other skull base tumors.
- Endoscopic-Assisted Craniosynostosis Surgery: This is a less invasive approach to treating craniosynostosis in infants, a condition where the skull bones fuse prematurely.
- Intraventricular Hemorrhage Evacuation: Endoscopic techniques can be used to evacuate blood in cases of intraventricular haemorrhage, reducing damage caused by the pressure of the blood.
- Cyst Fenestration: Endoscopic fenestration of cysts in the brain, such as arachnoid cysts, can relieve symptoms by reducing their size and pressure on surrounding structures.
- Spinal Endoscopy: Though less common than brain procedures, endoscopic techniques can be used for certain spinal surgeries, such as the removal of spinal tumors or cysts, or for addressing spinal cord compression.
- Biopsy: Neuro-endoscopy can be used to obtain tissue samples from areas of the brain that are difficult to reach, aiding in the diagnosis of various conditions.
Advantages Of The Department
- Minimally Invasive: Traditional open brain surgery often requires extensive skull removal and brain retraction. Neuro-endoscopy, on the other hand, utilizes small incisions and the natural openings of the body, minimizing tissue disruption.
- Enhanced Visualization: The endoscope provides a high-definition, magnified view of the surgical site, allowing for precise interventions even in deep-seated areas of the brain.
- Reduced Recovery Times: Patients undergoing Neuro-endoscopy surgery typically experience shorter hospital stays and faster recovery times compared to traditional open surgery. This leads to a quicker return to normal activities and improved quality of life.
- Lower Risk of Complications: The minimally invasive nature of Neuro-endoscopy surgery is associated with a reduced risk of complications, such as infection or excessive bleeding.
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