The Child Asthma, Allergy & Chest Clinic is a specialized healthcare facility dedicated to the diagnosis, treatment, and management of respiratory conditions in children. This clinic addresses a range of respiratory issues, including asthma, allergies, and chest disorders, ensuring that young patients receive comprehensive and personalized care. Through advanced diagnostic tools, evidence-based treatments, and specialized expertise, this clinic plays a pivotal role in providing children with the tools they need to breathe freely and lead active, healthy lives.
Common Conditions Treated By The Department
- Asthma: A chronic condition characterized by inflamed airways, leading to recurrent episodes of wheezing, breathlessness, chest tightness, and coughing.
- Allergic Rhinitis: Also known as hay fever, this condition is marked by nasal congestion, sneezing, runny nose, and itchy or watery eyes, often triggered by allergens like pollen or pet dander.
- Bronchitis: Inflammation of the bronchial tubes, leading to coughing, chest discomfort, and production of mucus.
- Pneumonia: An infection in the lungs, which can cause symptoms like fever, cough, rapid breathing, and chest pain.
- Recurrent Chest Infections: Frequent bouts of respiratory infections, which may be indicative of underlying respiratory conditions or weakened immune function.
- Wheezing Disorders: Conditions that lead to a high-pitched whistling sound when breathing, often associated with narrowed airways.
- Skin Prick Tests: Small amounts of allergens are applied to the skin, and the skin is pricked to see if an allergic reaction occurs. This helps identify allergens triggering allergic reactions.
- Patch Testing: Patch tests are used to diagnose contact dermatitis or skin allergies by applying allergens to patches placed on the skin for an extended period.
- Blood Tests: Blood tests, such as specific IgE tests, measure allergen-specific antibodies in the blood to identify allergens that may be causing allergic reactions.
- Spirometry: Children are asked to breathe into a machine that measures lung function, helping diagnose and monitor asthma and assess its severity.
- Peak Flow Monitoring: Children with asthma may use a peak flow meter to monitor their lung function at home and adjust their treatment accordingly.
- Bronchoprovocation Tests:
- Methacholine Challenge Test: This test assesses airway responsiveness by measuring how the airways react to inhaled methacholine, which can help diagnose asthma.
- Exercise Challenge Test: Evaluating how exercise affects a child's lung function can aid in diagnosing exercise-induced bronchoconstriction or asthma.
- Fractional Exhaled Nitric Oxide (FeNO) Test:
- This non-invasive test measures the amount of nitric oxide in the breath, which can help assess airway inflammation and asthma control.
- A flexible or rigid endoscope is used to examine the nasal passages and throat to diagnose conditions like allergic rhinitis, chronic sinusitis, or nasal polyps.
- Oral Food Challenges: Controlled introduction of suspected allergenic foods under medical supervision to diagnose or rule out food allergies.
- Elimination Diets: A diet that eliminates suspected food allergens is followed, and then foods are gradually reintroduced to identify triggers.
- Pulmonary Function Testing (PFT):
- Comprehensive pulmonary function tests assess lung function in detail, which can be especially helpful for diagnosing and managing asthma and other lung conditions.
- Immunotherapy (Allergy Shots):
- Allergy shots are a long-term treatment option for allergies. A series of injections containing small amounts of allergens are administered to desensitize the child's immune system to specific allergens over time.
- Improved Quality of Life: By effectively managing respiratory conditions, children can lead active, normal lives without the limitations imposed by their condition.
- Reduced Hospitalizations: Specialized care can lead to a reduction in hospital admissions, as children experience fewer severe exacerbations of their respiratory conditions.
- Empowered Families: Through education and guidance, families become better equipped to manage their child's respiratory condition, improving their confidence and reducing anxiety.
- Early Intervention: Timely diagnosis and treatment in the clinic can prevent the progression of respiratory conditions and potential complications.
- Prevention of Long-term Complications: Early and specialized care can mitigate the risk of long-term complications associated with untreated respiratory conditions.
Call 011-42888888 to book an appointment with a specialist at Sri Balaji Action Medical Institute.